Myopathy, centronuclear, 5
A form of centronuclear myopathy, a congenital muscle disorder characterized by progressive muscular weakness and wasting involving mainly limb girdle, trunk, and neck muscles. It may also affect distal muscles. Weakness may be present during childhood or adolescence or may not become evident until the third decade of life. Ptosis is a frequent clinical feature. The most prominent histopathologic features include high frequency of centrally located nuclei in muscle fibers not secondary to regeneration, radial arrangement of sarcoplasmic strands around the central nuclei, and predominance and hypotrophy of type 1 fibers. CNM5 features include severe neonatal hypotonia with respiratory insufficiency, difficulty feeding, and delayed motor development. Some patients die in infancy, and some develop dilated cardiomyopathy.
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