Leigh syndrome French-Canadian type
Severe neurological disorder characterized by bilaterally symmetrical necrotic lesions in subcortical brain regions that is commonly associated with systemic cytochrome c oxidase (COX) deficiency. In the Saguenay-Lac Saint Jean region of Quebec province in Canada, a biochemically distinct form of Leigh syndrome with COX deficiency has been described. Patients have been observed to have a developmental delay, hypotonia, mild facial dysmorphism, chronic well-compensated metabolic acidosis, and high mortality due to episodes of severe acidosis and coma. Enzyme activity was close to normal in kidney and heart, 50% of normal in fibroblasts and skeletal muscle, and nearly absent in brain and liver. LSFC patients show reduced (<30%) levels of LRPPRC in both fibroblast and liver mitochondria and a specifically reduced translation of COX subunits MT-CO1/COXI and MT-CO3 (COXIII).
|Name||Development Level||Target Family|