Cytokine that binds to TNFRSF1A/TNFR1 and TNFRSF1B/TNFBR. It is mainly secreted by macrophages and can induce cell death of certain tumor cell lines. It is potent pyrogen causing fever by direct action or by stimulation of interleukin-1 secretion and is implicated in the induction of cachexia, Under certain conditions it can stimulate cell proliferation and induce cell differentiation. Impairs regulatory T-cells (Treg) function in individuals with rheumatoid arthritis via FOXP3 dephosphorylation. Upregulates the expression of protein phosphatase 1 (PP1), which dephosphorylates the key 'Ser-418' residue of FOXP3, thereby inactivating FOXP3 and rendering Treg cells functionally defective (PubMed:23396208). Key mediator of cell death in the anticancer action of BCG-stimulated neutrophils in combination with DIABLO/SMAC mimetic in the RT4v6 bladder cancer cell line (PubMed:22517918, PubMed:16829952, PubMed:23396208). Induces insulin resistance in adipocytes via inhibition of insulin-induce ...more
Description of the protein which includes the UniProt Function and the NCBI Gene Summary.
Uniprot linked accession values, symbols or commonly used abbreviations associated with this particular target.
Approved gene symbol with link to HUGO Gene Nomenclature Committee.
Ensembl identifier links.
List of abbreviations or acronyms of the full target name.
Radar plot depicting the variety of knowledge obtained by Pharos for a particular target. The more spikes in the plot, the more variety. The longer the length, the higher the quantity of that particular knowledge. Clicking the illumination graph opens an expanded view to explore the plot fuller by seeing plot with annotations of the different radii.
Table representing the top 5 knowledge attributes in the illumination graph. The knowledge value property is on a scale of 0 to 1.
Gene symbols, accession ids and various other target identifiers. Also contains the illumination graph which highlights the amount of knowledge available. Click the '?' button for more information
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Hierarchical classifications for this protein from different ontologies.
Classes for this protein according to Protein ANalysis THrough Evolutionary Relationships (PANTHER) Classification System.
Explore targets in this PANTHER class
Classes for this protein according to by Drug Target Ontology (DTO).
Explore targets in this DTO class
Descriptions of the IDG illumination levels, highlighting the milestones attained in research for this target.
Jensen Lab generated fractional counting score for the prevalence of this gene in Pubmed articles.
Total count of NCBI Gene Reference Into Function hits for target listed in parenthesis, and summary table with links to publications per PMID with the specific text in article that includes the reported target.
Number of antibodies for this target listed in antibodypedia.com
Number of Gene Ontology (GO) annotations for this target, consisting of the sum of GO Functions and GO Processes.
Ligands associated with a target, listed in ChEMBL, with activity over a cutoff relative to the targetclass.