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Tbio
TREX1
Three-prime repair exonuclease 1

Protein Summary
Description
Major cellular 3'-to-5' DNA exonuclease which digests single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) and double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) with mismatched 3' termini. Prevents cell-intrinsic initiation of autoimmunity. Acts by metabolizing DNA fragments from endogenous retroelements, including L1, LTR and SINE elements. Unless degraded, these DNA fragments accumulate in the cytosol and activate the IFN-stimulatory DNA (ISD) response and innate immune signaling. Prevents chronic ATM-dependent checkpoint activation, by processing ssDNA polynucleotide species arising from the processing of aberrant DNA replication intermediates. Inefficiently degrades oxidized DNA, such as that generated upon antimicrobial reactive oxygen production or upon absorption of UV light. During GZMA-mediated cell death, contributes to DNA damage in concert with NME1. NME1 nicks one strand of DNA and TREX1 removes bases from the free 3' end to enhance DNA damage and prevent DNA end reannealing and rapid repair. This gene encodes a nuclea ...more
Uniprot Accession IDs
Gene Name
Ensembl ID
  • ENST00000444177
  • ENSP00000415972
  • ENSG00000213689
  • ENST00000625293
  • ENSP00000486676

Symbol
  • CRV
  • AGS1
  • DRN3
  • HERNS
Illumination Graph
Knowledge Table
Most Knowledge About
Knowledge Value (0 to 1 scale)
molecular function
0.99
virus perturbation
0.94
cellular component
0.71
transcription factor binding site profile
0.66
phenotype
0.61


Protein Classes
No PANTHER Classes or DTO Classes found
IDG Development Level Summary
Tdark

These are targets about which virtually nothing is known. They do not have known drug or small molecule activities
- AND - satisfy two or more of the following criteria:

Pubmed score: 3.32   (req: < 5)
Gene RIFs: 87   (req: <= 3)
Antibodies: 258   (req: <= 50)
Tbio

These targets do not have known drug or small molecule activities
- AND - satisfy two or more of the following criteria:

Pubmed score: 3.32   (req: >= 5)
Gene RIFs: 87   (req: > 3)
Antibodies: 258   (req: > 50)

- OR - satisfy the following criterion:

Gene Ontology Terms: 17
Tchem

Target has at least one ChEMBL compound with an activity cutoff of < 30 nM - AND - satisfies the preceding conditions

Active Ligand: 0
Tclin

Target has at least one approved drug - AND - satisfies the preceding conditions

Active Drug: 0