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Tbio
TXNRD3
Thioredoxin reductase 3

Protein Summary
Description
Displays thioredoxin reductase, glutaredoxin and glutathione reductase activities. Catalyzes disulfide bond isomerization. Promotes disulfide bond formation between GPX4 and various sperm proteins and may play a role in sperm maturation by promoting formation of sperm structural components (By similarity). The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the pyridine nucleotide-disulfide oxidoreductase family, and is a member of the thioredoxin (Trx) system. Three thioredoxin reductase (TrxR) isozymes are found in mammals. TrxRs are selenocysteine-containing flavoenzymes, which reduce thioredoxins, as well as other substrates, and play a key role in redox homoeostasis. This gene encodes the third TrxR, which unlike the other two isozymes, contains an additional N-terminal glutaredoxin (Grx) domain, and shows highest expression in testis. The Grx domain allows this isozyme to participate in both Trx and glutathione systems. It functions as a homodimer containing FAD, and selenocysteine (Sec) ...more
Uniprot Accession IDs
Gene Name
Ensembl ID
  • ENST00000640433
  • ENSP00000492093
  • ENSG00000197763

Symbol
  • TGR
  • TRXR3
  • TGR
  • TR2
  • TRXR3
  • TR2IT1
  • TXNRD3NB
  • TXNRD3IT1
  • TXNRD3NT1
Illumination Graph
Knowledge Table
Most Knowledge About
Knowledge Value (0 to 1 scale)
protein domain
1
histone modification site profile
0.79
molecular function
0.76
transcription factor perturbation
0.74
virus perturbation
0.68


IDG Development Level Summary
Tdark

These are targets about which virtually nothing is known. They do not have known drug or small molecule activities
- AND - satisfy two or more of the following criteria:

Pubmed score: 66.82   (req: < 5)
Gene RIFs: 4   (req: <= 3)
Antibodies: 0   (req: <= 50)
Tbio

These targets do not have known drug or small molecule activities
- AND - satisfy two or more of the following criteria:

Pubmed score: 66.82   (req: >= 5)
Gene RIFs: 4   (req: > 3)
Antibodies: 0   (req: > 50)

- OR - satisfy the following criterion:

Gene Ontology Terms: 8
Tchem

Target has at least one ChEMBL compound with an activity cutoff of < 30 nM - AND - satisfies the preceding conditions

Active Ligand: 0
Tclin

Target has at least one approved drug - AND - satisfies the preceding conditions

Active Drug: 0