Polycomb group (PcG) protein. Catalytic subunit of the PRC2/EED-EZH2 complex, which methylates 'Lys-9' (H3K9me) and 'Lys-27' (H3K27me) of histone H3, leading to transcriptional repression of the affected target gene. Able to mono-, di- and trimethylate 'Lys-27' of histone H3 to form H3K27me1, H3K27me2 and H3K27me3, respectively. Displays a preference for substrates with less methylation, loses activity when progressively more methyl groups are incorporated into H3K27, H3K27me0 > H3K27me1 > H3K27me2 (PubMed:22323599). Compared to EZH1-containing complexes, it is more abundant in embryonic stem cells and plays a major role in forming H3K27me3, which is required for embryonic stem cell identity and proper differentiation. The PRC2/EED-EZH2 complex may also serve as a recruiting platform for DNA methyltransferases, thereby linking two epigenetic repression systems. Genes repressed by the PRC2/EED-EZH2 complex include HOXC8, HOXA9, MYT1, CDKN2A and retinoic acid target genes. EZH2 can also ...more
Description of the protein which includes the UniProt Function and the NCBI Gene Summary.
Uniprot linked accession values, symbols or commonly used abbreviations associated with this particular target.
Approved gene symbol with link to HUGO Gene Nomenclature Committee.
Ensembl identifier links.
List of abbreviations or acronyms of the full target name.
Radar plot depicting the variety of knowledge obtained by Pharos for a particular target. The more spikes in the plot, the more variety. The longer the length, the higher the quantity of that particular knowledge. Clicking the illumination graph opens an expanded view to explore the plot fuller by seeing plot with annotations of the different radii.
Table representing the top 5 knowledge attributes in the illumination graph. The knowledge value property is on a scale of 0 to 1.
Gene symbols, accession ids and various other target identifiers. Also contains the illumination graph which highlights the amount of knowledge available. Click the '?' button for more information
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Hierarchical classifications for this protein from different ontologies.
Classes for this protein according to by Drug Target Ontology (DTO).
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Descriptions of the IDG illumination levels, highlighting the milestones attained in research for this target.
Jensen Lab generated fractional counting score for the prevalence of this gene in Pubmed articles.
Total count of NCBI Gene Reference Into Function hits for target listed in parenthesis, and summary table with links to publications per PMID with the specific text in article that includes the reported target.
Number of antibodies for this target listed in antibodypedia.com
Number of Gene Ontology (GO) annotations for this target, consisting of the sum of GO Functions and GO Processes.
Ligands associated with a target, listed in ChEMBL, with activity over a cutoff relative to the targetclass.