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Tchem
RNASEL
2-5A-dependent ribonuclease

Protein Summary
Description
Endoribonuclease that functions in the interferon (IFN) antiviral response. In INF treated and virus infected cells, RNASEL probably mediates its antiviral effects through a combination of direct cleavage of single-stranded viral RNAs, inhibition of protein synthesis through the degradation of rRNA, induction of apoptosis, and induction of other antiviral genes. RNASEL mediated apoptosis is the result of a JNK-dependent stress-response pathway leading to cytochrome c release from mitochondria and caspase-dependent apoptosis. Therefore, activation of RNASEL could lead to elimination of virus infected cells under some circumstances. In the crosstalk between autophagy and apoptosis proposed to induce autophagy as an early stress response to small double-stranded RNA and at later stages of prolonged stress to activate caspase-dependent proteolytic cleavage of BECN1 to terminate autophagy and promote apoptosis (PubMed:26263979). Might play a central role in the regulation of mRNA turnover ( ...more
Uniprot Accession IDs
Gene Name
Ensembl ID
  • ENST00000367559
  • ENSP00000356530
  • ENSG00000135828
  • ENST00000539397
  • ENSP00000440844

Symbol
  • RNS4
  • RNS4
  • PRCA1
Illumination Graph
Knowledge Table
Most Knowledge About
Knowledge Value (0 to 1 scale)
molecular function
0.99
protein domain
0.85
transcription factor perturbation
0.84
biological term
0.75
histone modification site profile
0.72


IDG Development Level Summary
Tdark

These are targets about which virtually nothing is known. They do not have known drug or small molecule activities
- AND - satisfy two or more of the following criteria:

Pubmed score: 682.3   (req: < 5)
Gene RIFs: 108   (req: <= 3)
Antibodies: 196   (req: <= 50)
Tbio

These targets do not have known drug or small molecule activities
- AND - satisfy two or more of the following criteria:

Pubmed score: 682.3   (req: >= 5)
Gene RIFs: 108   (req: > 3)
Antibodies: 196   (req: > 50)

- OR - satisfy the following criterion:

Gene Ontology Terms: 18
Tchem

Target has at least one ChEMBL compound with an activity cutoff of < 30 nM - AND - satisfies the preceding conditions

Active Ligands: 20
Tclin

Target has at least one approved drug - AND - satisfies the preceding conditions

Active Drug: 0