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Tchem
CYP27A1
Sterol 26-hydroxylase, mitochondrial

Protein Summary
Description
Catalyzes the first step in the oxidation of the side chain of sterol intermediates; the 27-hydroxylation of 5-beta-cholestane-3-alpha,7-alpha,12-alpha-triol. Has also a vitamin D3-25-hydroxylase activity. This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This mitochondrial protein oxidizes cholesterol intermediates as part of the bile synthesis pathway. Since the conversion of cholesterol to bile acids is the major route for removing cholesterol from the body, this protein is important for overall cholesterol homeostasis. Mutations in this gene cause cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis, a rare autosomal recessive lipid storage disease. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Uniprot Accession IDs
Gene Name
Ensembl ID
  • ENST00000258415
  • ENSP00000258415
  • ENSG00000135929

Symbol
  • CYP27
  • CTX
  • CP27
  • CYP27
Illumination Graph
Knowledge Table
Most Knowledge About
Knowledge Value (0 to 1 scale)
kinase perturbation
0.95
gene perturbation
0.8
molecular function
0.73
virus perturbation
0.72
disease
0.66


IDG Development Level Summary
Tdark

These are targets about which virtually nothing is known. They do not have known drug or small molecule activities
- AND - satisfy two or more of the following criteria:

Pubmed score: 1759.44   (req: < 5)
Gene RIFs: 68   (req: <= 3)
Antibodies: 233   (req: <= 50)
Tbio

These targets do not have known drug or small molecule activities
- AND - satisfy two or more of the following criteria:

Pubmed score: 1759.44   (req: >= 5)
Gene RIFs: 68   (req: > 3)
Antibodies: 233   (req: > 50)

- OR - satisfy the following criterion:

Gene Ontology Terms: 6
Tchem

Target has at least one ChEMBL compound with an activity cutoff of < 30 nM - AND - satisfies the preceding conditions

Active Ligands: 2
Tclin

Target has at least one approved drug - AND - satisfies the preceding conditions

Active Drug: 0