Thiol protease. Has dipeptidylpeptidase activity. Active against a broad range of dipeptide substrates composed of both polar and hydrophobic amino acids. Proline cannot occupy the P1 position and arginine cannot occupy the P2 position of the substrate. Can act as both an exopeptidase and endopeptidase. Activates serine proteases such as elastase, cathepsin G and granzymes A and B. Can also activate neuraminidase and factor XIII. This gene encodes a member of the peptidase C1 family and lysosomal cysteine proteinase that appears to be a central coordinator for activation of many serine proteinases in cells of the immune system. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants, at least one of which encodes a preproprotein that is proteolytically processed to generate heavy and light chains that form a disulfide-linked dimer. A portion of the propeptide acts as an intramolecular chaperone for the folding and stabilization of the mature enzyme. This enzyme requires chloride i ...more
Target has at least one approved drug - AND - satisfies the preceding conditions
check_circle Active Drug: 0
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Description of the protein which includes the UniProt Function and the NCBI Gene Summary.
Uniprot linked accession values, symbols or commonly used abbreviations associated with this particular target.
Approved gene symbol with link to HUGO Gene Nomenclature Committee.
Ensembl identifier links.
List of abbreviations or acronyms of the full target name.
Radar plot depicting the variety of knowledge obtained by Pharos for a particular target. The more spikes in the plot, the more variety. The longer the length, the higher the quantity of that particular knowledge. Clicking the illumination graph opens an expanded view to explore the plot fuller by seeing plot with annotations of the different radii.
Table representing the top 5 knowledge attributes in the illumination graph. The knowledge value property is on a scale of 0 to 1.
Gene symbols, accession ids and various other target identifiers. Also contains the illumination graph which highlights the amount of knowledge available. Click the '?' button for more information
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Hierarchical classifications for this protein from different ontologies.
Classes for this protein according to Protein ANalysis THrough Evolutionary Relationships (PANTHER) Classification System.
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Classes for this protein according to by Drug Target Ontology (DTO).
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Descriptions of the IDG illumination levels, highlighting the milestones attained in research for this target.
Jensen Lab generated fractional counting score for the prevalence of this gene in Pubmed articles.
Total count of NCBI Gene Reference Into Function hits for target listed in parenthesis, and summary table with links to publications per PMID with the specific text in article that includes the reported target.
Number of antibodies for this target listed in antibodypedia.com
Number of Gene Ontology (GO) annotations for this target, consisting of the sum of GO Functions and GO Processes.
Ligands associated with a target, listed in ChEMBL, with activity over a cutoff relative to the targetclass.