Serine/threonine-protein kinase involved in various processes such as cell proliferation, differentiation, migration, transformation and programmed cell death. Extracellular stimuli such as proinflammatory cytokines or physical stress stimulate the stress-activated protein kinase/c-Jun N-terminal kinase (SAP/JNK) signaling pathway. In this cascade, two dual specificity kinases MAP2K4/MKK4 and MAP2K7/MKK7 phosphorylate and activate MAPK9/JNK2. In turn, MAPK9/JNK2 phosphorylates a number of transcription factors, primarily components of AP-1 such as JUN and ATF2 and thus regulates AP-1 transcriptional activity. In response to oxidative or ribotoxic stresses, inhibits rRNA synthesis by phosphorylating and inactivating the RNA polymerase 1-specific transcription initiation factor RRN3. Promotes stressed cell apoptosis by phosphorylating key regulatory factors including TP53 and YAP1. In T-cells, MAPK8 and MAPK9 are required for polarized differentiation of T-helper cells into Th1 cells. Up ...more
Description of the protein which includes the UniProt Function and the NCBI Gene Summary.
Uniprot linked accession values, symbols or commonly used abbreviations associated with this particular target.
Approved gene symbol with link to HUGO Gene Nomenclature Committee.
Ensembl identifier links.
List of abbreviations or acronyms of the full target name.
Radar plot depicting the variety of knowledge obtained by Pharos for a particular target. The more spikes in the plot, the more variety. The longer the length, the higher the quantity of that particular knowledge. Clicking the illumination graph opens an expanded view to explore the plot fuller by seeing plot with annotations of the different radii.
Table representing the top 5 knowledge attributes in the illumination graph. The knowledge value property is on a scale of 0 to 1.
Gene symbols, accession ids and various other target identifiers. Also contains the illumination graph which highlights the amount of knowledge available. Click the '?' button for more information
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Hierarchical classifications for this protein from different ontologies.
Classes for this protein according to Protein ANalysis THrough Evolutionary Relationships (PANTHER) Classification System.
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Classes for this protein according to by Drug Target Ontology (DTO).
Explore targets in this DTO class
Descriptions of the IDG illumination levels, highlighting the milestones attained in research for this target.
Jensen Lab generated fractional counting score for the prevalence of this gene in Pubmed articles.
Total count of NCBI Gene Reference Into Function hits for target listed in parenthesis, and summary table with links to publications per PMID with the specific text in article that includes the reported target.
Number of antibodies for this target listed in antibodypedia.com
Number of Gene Ontology (GO) annotations for this target, consisting of the sum of GO Functions and GO Processes.
Ligands associated with a target, listed in ChEMBL, with activity over a cutoff relative to the targetclass.