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Tchem
PLA2G1B
Phospholipase A2

Protein Summary
Description
PA2 catalyzes the calcium-dependent hydrolysis of the 2-acyl groups in 3-sn-phosphoglycerides, this releases glycerophospholipids and arachidonic acid that serve as the precursors of signal molecules. This gene encodes a secreted member of the phospholipase A2 (PLA2) class of enzymes, which is produced by the pancreatic acinar cells. The encoded calcium-dependent enzyme catalyzes the hydrolysis of the sn-2 position of membrane glycerophospholipids to release arachidonic acid (AA) and lysophospholipids. AA is subsequently converted by downstream metabolic enzymes to several bioactive lipophilic compounds (eicosanoids), including prostaglandins (PGs) and leukotrienes (LTs). The enzyme may be involved in several physiological processes including cell contraction, cell proliferation and pathological response. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2013]
Uniprot Accession IDs
Gene Name
Ensembl ID
  • ENST00000308366
  • ENSP00000312286
  • ENSG00000170890

Symbol
  • PLA2
  • PLA2A
  • PPLA2
  • PLA2
  • PLA2A
  • PPLA2
Illumination Graph
Knowledge Table
Most Knowledge About
Knowledge Value (0 to 1 scale)
biological process
1
metabolite
0.95
molecular function
0.84
PubMedID
0.75
gene perturbation
0.71


IDG Development Level Summary
Tdark

These are targets about which virtually nothing is known. They do not have known drug or small molecule activities
- AND - satisfy two or more of the following criteria:

Pubmed score: 1204.33   (req: < 5)
Gene RIFs: 20   (req: <= 3)
Antibodies: 253   (req: <= 50)
Tbio

These targets do not have known drug or small molecule activities
- AND - satisfy two or more of the following criteria:

Pubmed score: 1204.33   (req: >= 5)
Gene RIFs: 20   (req: > 3)
Antibodies: 253   (req: > 50)

- OR - satisfy the following criterion:

Gene Ontology Terms: 41
Tchem

Target has at least one ChEMBL compound with an activity cutoff of < 30 nM - AND - satisfies the preceding conditions

Active Ligands: 69
Tclin

Target has at least one approved drug - AND - satisfies the preceding conditions

Active Drug: 0