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Tbio
CAT
Catalase

Protein Summary
Description
Occurs in almost all aerobically respiring organisms and serves to protect cells from the toxic effects of hydrogen peroxide. Promotes growth of cells including T-cells, B-cells, myeloid leukemia cells, melanoma cells, mastocytoma cells and normal and transformed fibroblast cells. This gene encodes catalase, a key antioxidant enzyme in the bodies defense against oxidative stress. Catalase is a heme enzyme that is present in the peroxisome of nearly all aerobic cells. Catalase converts the reactive oxygen species hydrogen peroxide to water and oxygen and thereby mitigates the toxic effects of hydrogen peroxide. Oxidative stress is hypothesized to play a role in the development of many chronic or late-onset diseases such as diabetes, asthma, Alzheimer's disease, systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, and cancers. Polymorphisms in this gene have been associated with decreases in catalase activity but, to date, acatalasemia is the only disease known to be caused by this gene. ...more
Uniprot Accession IDs
Gene Name
Ensembl ID
  • ENST00000241052
  • ENSP00000241052
  • ENSG00000121691
  • ENST00000648322
  • ENSP00000496910
Illumination Graph
Knowledge Table
Most Knowledge About
Knowledge Value (0 to 1 scale)
chemical
1
disease perturbation
0.99
transcription factor perturbation
0.99
interacting protein
0.96
biological process
0.95


IDG Development Level Summary
Tdark

These are targets about which virtually nothing is known. They do not have known drug or small molecule activities
- AND - satisfy two or more of the following criteria:

Pubmed score: 44.89   (req: < 5)
Gene RIFs: 243   (req: <= 3)
Antibodies: 856   (req: <= 50)
Tbio

These targets do not have known drug or small molecule activities
- AND - satisfy two or more of the following criteria:

Pubmed score: 44.89   (req: >= 5)
Gene RIFs: 243   (req: > 3)
Antibodies: 856   (req: > 50)

- OR - satisfy the following criterion:

Gene Ontology Terms: 49
Tchem

Target has at least one ChEMBL compound with an activity cutoff of < 30 nM - AND - satisfies the preceding conditions

Active Ligand: 0
Tclin

Target has at least one approved drug - AND - satisfies the preceding conditions

Active Drug: 0