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Tchem
NPC1
NPC intracellular cholesterol transporter 1

Protein Summary
Description
Intracellular cholesterol transporter which acts in concert with NPC2 and plays an important role in the egress of cholesterol from the endosomal/lysosomal compartment (PubMed:9211849, PubMed:9927649, PubMed:10821832, PubMed:18772377, PubMed:27238017, PubMed:12554680). Unesterified cholesterol that has been released from LDLs in the lumen of the late endosomes/lysosomes is transferred by NPC2 to the cholesterol-binding pocket in the N-terminal domain of NPC1 (PubMed:9211849, PubMed:9927649, PubMed:18772377, PubMed:19563754, PubMed:27238017, PubMed:28784760). Cholesterol binds to NPC1 with the hydroxyl group buried in the binding pocket (PubMed:19563754). Binds oxysterol with higher affinity than cholesterol. May play a role in vesicular trafficking in glia, a process that may be crucial for maintaining the structural and functional integrity of nerve terminals (Probable). (Microbial infection) Acts as an endosomal entry receptor for ebolavirus. This gene encodes a large protein that re ...more
Uniprot Accession IDs
Gene Name
Ensembl ID
  • ENST00000269228
  • ENSP00000269228
  • ENSG00000141458

Symbol
  • NPC
  • POGZ
  • SLC65A1
Illumination Graph
Knowledge Table
Most Knowledge About
Knowledge Value (0 to 1 scale)
cellular component
0.98
disease perturbation
0.96
transcription factor perturbation
0.94
virus perturbation
0.92
biological process
0.91


IDG Development Level Summary
Tdark

These are targets about which virtually nothing is known. They do not have known drug or small molecule activities
- AND - satisfy two or more of the following criteria:

Pubmed score: 878.24   (req: < 5)
Gene RIFs: 120   (req: <= 3)
Antibodies: 356   (req: <= 50)
Tbio

These targets do not have known drug or small molecule activities
- AND - satisfy two or more of the following criteria:

Pubmed score: 878.24   (req: >= 5)
Gene RIFs: 120   (req: > 3)
Antibodies: 356   (req: > 50)

- OR - satisfy the following criterion:

Gene Ontology Terms: 26
Tchem

Target has at least one ChEMBL compound with an activity cutoff of < 30 nM - AND - satisfies the preceding conditions

Active Ligand: 1
Tclin

Target has at least one approved drug - AND - satisfies the preceding conditions

Active Drug: 0