This enzyme is involved in nucleotide metabolism: it produces dUMP, the immediate precursor of thymidine nucleotides and it decreases the intracellular concentration of dUTP so that uracil cannot be incorporated into DNA. This gene encodes an essential enzyme of nucleotide metabolism. The encoded protein forms a ubiquitous, homotetrameric enzyme that hydrolyzes dUTP to dUMP and pyrophosphate. This reaction serves two cellular purposes: providing a precursor (dUMP) for the synthesis of thymine nucleotides needed for DNA replication, and limiting intracellular pools of dUTP. Elevated levels of dUTP lead to increased incorporation of uracil into DNA, which induces extensive excision repair mediated by uracil glycosylase. This repair process, resulting in the removal and reincorporation of dUTP, is self-defeating and leads to DNA fragmentation and cell death. Alternative splicing of this gene leads to different isoforms that localize to either the mitochondrion or nucleus. A related pseudo ...more
Target has at least one approved drug - AND - satisfies the preceding conditions
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Description of the protein which includes the UniProt Function and the NCBI Gene Summary.
Uniprot linked accession values, symbols or commonly used abbreviations associated with this particular target.
Approved gene symbol with link to HUGO Gene Nomenclature Committee.
Ensembl identifier links.
List of abbreviations or acronyms of the full target name.
Radar plot depicting the variety of knowledge obtained by Pharos for a particular target. The more spikes in the plot, the more variety. The longer the length, the higher the quantity of that particular knowledge. Clicking the illumination graph opens an expanded view to explore the plot fuller by seeing plot with annotations of the different radii.
Table representing the top 5 knowledge attributes in the illumination graph. The knowledge value property is on a scale of 0 to 1.
Gene symbols, accession ids and various other target identifiers. Also contains the illumination graph which highlights the amount of knowledge available. Click the '?' button for more information
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Hierarchical classifications for this protein from different ontologies.
Classes for this protein according to Protein ANalysis THrough Evolutionary Relationships (PANTHER) Classification System.
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Classes for this protein according to by Drug Target Ontology (DTO).
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Descriptions of the IDG illumination levels, highlighting the milestones attained in research for this target.
Jensen Lab generated fractional counting score for the prevalence of this gene in Pubmed articles.
Total count of NCBI Gene Reference Into Function hits for target listed in parenthesis, and summary table with links to publications per PMID with the specific text in article that includes the reported target.
Number of antibodies for this target listed in antibodypedia.com
Number of Gene Ontology (GO) annotations for this target, consisting of the sum of GO Functions and GO Processes.
Ligands associated with a target, listed in ChEMBL, with activity over a cutoff relative to the targetclass.