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Tbio
DGCR8
Microprocessor complex subunit DGCR8

Protein Summary
Description
Component of the microprocessor complex that acts as a RNA- and heme-binding protein that is involved in the initial step of microRNA (miRNA) biogenesis. Component of the microprocessor complex that is required to process primary miRNA transcripts (pri-miRNAs) to release precursor miRNA (pre-miRNA) in the nucleus. Within the microprocessor complex, DGCR8 function as a molecular anchor necessary for the recognition of pri-miRNA at dsRNA-ssRNA junction and directs DROSHA to cleave 11 bp away form the junction to release hairpin-shaped pre-miRNAs that are subsequently cut by the cytoplasmic DICER to generate mature miRNAs (PubMed:26027739, PubMed:26748718). The heme-bound DGCR8 dimer binds pri-miRNAs as a cooperative trimer (of dimers) and is active in triggering pri-miRNA cleavage, whereas the heme-free DGCR8 monomer binds pri-miRNAs as a dimer and is much less active. Both double-stranded and single-stranded regions of a pri-miRNA are required for its binding (PubMed:15531877, PubMed:15 ...more
Uniprot Accession IDs
Gene Name
Ensembl ID
  • ENST00000351989
  • ENSP00000263209
  • ENSG00000128191
  • ENST00000383024
  • ENSP00000372488
  • ENST00000407755
  • ENSP00000384726

Symbol
  • C22orf12
  • DGCRK6
  • Gy1
  • pasha
  • DGCRK6
  • C22orf12
Illumination Graph
Knowledge Table
Most Knowledge About
Knowledge Value (0 to 1 scale)
molecular function
0.9
kinase perturbation
0.88
transcription factor perturbation
0.8
small molecule perturbation
0.77
cellular component
0.76


Protein Classes
No PANTHER Classes or DTO Classes found
IDG Development Level Summary
Tdark

These are targets about which virtually nothing is known. They do not have known drug or small molecule activities
- AND - satisfy two or more of the following criteria:

Pubmed score: 765.29   (req: < 5)
Gene RIFs: 55   (req: <= 3)
Antibodies: 291   (req: <= 50)
Tbio

These targets do not have known drug or small molecule activities
- AND - satisfy two or more of the following criteria:

Pubmed score: 765.29   (req: >= 5)
Gene RIFs: 55   (req: > 3)
Antibodies: 291   (req: > 50)

- OR - satisfy the following criterion:

Gene Ontology Terms: 8
Tchem

Target has at least one ChEMBL compound with an activity cutoff of < 30 nM - AND - satisfies the preceding conditions

Active Ligand: 0
Tclin

Target has at least one approved drug - AND - satisfies the preceding conditions

Active Drug: 0