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Tchem
DAO
D-amino-acid oxidase

Protein Summary
Description
Regulates the level of the neuromodulator D-serine in the brain. Has high activity towards D-DOPA and contributes to dopamine synthesis. Could act as a detoxifying agent which removes D-amino acids accumulated during aging. Acts on a variety of D-amino acids with a preference for those having small hydrophobic side chains followed by those bearing polar, aromatic, and basic groups. Does not act on acidic amino acids. This gene encodes the peroxisomal enzyme D-amino acid oxidase. The enzyme is a flavoprotein which uses flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) as its prosthetic group. Its substrates include a wide variety of D-amino acids, but it is inactive on the naturally occurring L-amino acids. Its biological function is not known; it may act as a detoxifying agent which removes D-amino acids that accumulate during aging. In mice, it degrades D-serine, a co-agonist of the NMDA receptor. This gene may play a role in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Uniprot Accession IDs
Gene Name
Ensembl ID
  • ENST00000228476
  • ENSP00000228476
  • ENSG00000110887

Symbol
  • DAMOX
  • DAAO
  • OXDA
  • DAMOX
Illumination Graph
Knowledge Table
Most Knowledge About
Knowledge Value (0 to 1 scale)
cellular component
0.74
disease perturbation
0.74
molecular function
0.73
biological term
0.6
tissue sample
0.59


Protein Classes
No PANTHER Classes or DTO Classes found
IDG Development Level Summary
Tdark

These are targets about which virtually nothing is known. They do not have known drug or small molecule activities
- AND - satisfy two or more of the following criteria:

Pubmed score: 302.91   (req: < 5)
Gene RIFs: 52   (req: <= 3)
Antibodies: 274   (req: <= 50)
Tbio

These targets do not have known drug or small molecule activities
- AND - satisfy two or more of the following criteria:

Pubmed score: 302.91   (req: >= 5)
Gene RIFs: 52   (req: > 3)
Antibodies: 274   (req: > 50)

- OR - satisfy the following criterion:

Gene Ontology Terms: 13
Tchem

Target has at least one ChEMBL compound with an activity cutoff of < 30 nM - AND - satisfies the preceding conditions

Active Ligands: 235
Tclin

Target has at least one approved drug - AND - satisfies the preceding conditions

Active Drug: 0