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Tbio
AANAT
Serotonin N-acetyltransferase

Protein Summary
Description
Controls the night/day rhythm of melatonin production in the pineal gland. Catalyzes the N-acetylation of serotonin into N-acetylserotonin, the penultimate step in the synthesis of melatonin. The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the acetyltransferase superfamily. It is the penultimate enzyme in melatonin synthesis and controls the night/day rhythm in melatonin production in the vertebrate pineal gland. Melatonin is essential for the function of the circadian clock that influences activity and sleep. This enzyme is regulated by cAMP-dependent phosphorylation that promotes its interaction with 14-3-3 proteins and thus protects the enzyme against proteasomal degradation. This gene may contribute to numerous genetic diseases such as delayed sleep phase syndrome. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2009]
Uniprot Accession IDs
Gene Name
Ensembl ID
  • ENST00000250615
  • ENSP00000250615
  • ENSG00000129673
  • ENST00000392492
  • ENSP00000376282

Symbol
  • SNAT
  • DSPS
  • SNAT
Illumination Graph
Knowledge Table
Most Knowledge About
Knowledge Value (0 to 1 scale)
co-expressed gene
0.87
biological process
0.73
cell type or tissue
0.61
disease perturbation
0.56
transcription factor
0.55


Protein Classes
No PANTHER Classes or DTO Classes found
IDG Development Level Summary
Tdark

These are targets about which virtually nothing is known. They do not have known drug or small molecule activities
- AND - satisfy two or more of the following criteria:

Pubmed score: 323.97   (req: < 5)
Gene RIFs: 14   (req: <= 3)
Antibodies: 262   (req: <= 50)
Tbio

These targets do not have known drug or small molecule activities
- AND - satisfy two or more of the following criteria:

Pubmed score: 323.97   (req: >= 5)
Gene RIFs: 14   (req: > 3)
Antibodies: 262   (req: > 50)

- OR - satisfy the following criterion:

Gene Ontology Terms: 17
Tchem

Target has at least one ChEMBL compound with an activity cutoff of < 30 nM - AND - satisfies the preceding conditions

Active Ligand: 0
Tclin

Target has at least one approved drug - AND - satisfies the preceding conditions

Active Drug: 0