Property Summary

NCBI Gene PubMed Count 92
Grant Count 122
R01 Count 81
Funding $17,831,412.81
PubMed Score 767.78
PubTator Score 119.09

Knowledge Summary

Patent

No data available

Expression

Synonym

Accession O60565 Q52LV3 Q8N914 Q8N936
Symbols DRM
HMPS
MPSH
PIG2
CRAC1
CRCS4
DAND2
HMPS1
IHG-2
DUP15q
C15DUPq
GREMLIN
CKTSF1B1

Gene

PDB

5AEJ  

Gene RIF (74)

PMID Text
26968009 our data suggest that the closely located GREM1 gene contributes to a rare clinical Nonsyndromic orofacial clefts entity
26872252 The critical element of the Gremlin-1 molecule for regulating MIF-induced chemotactic activity lies at the C-terminal region. A single amino acid exchange of an arginine to an alanine residue is sufficient to abolish the antagonistic effect of Gremlin-1 on MIF. The Gremlin-1 mutant R172A failed to reduce MIF-induced monocyte differentiation into macrophages.
26530461 Results found that high mRNA expression level of Gremlin 1 was an independent poor prognostic factor for cervical neoplasm. it is suggested that Gremlin 1 may have a role in clinical recurrence and maintaining cancer stem cell-like properties.
26493165 Study identified a high penetrant duplication in the regulatory region of GREM1, predisposing to colorectal cancer (CRC) in a family with attenuated/ atypical polyposis. A POLE variant was also identified in a patient with early onset CRC.
26311241 Gremlin1 and chronic pancreatitis: a new clinical target and biomarker
26155842 transgenic mice overexpressing Gremlin in renal tubules develop greater glomerular and tubulointerstitial injury in response to diabetic-mediated damage
26141517 Gremlin is a key pro-fibrogenic factor in chronic pancreatitis
26043427 results might suggest that variants influencing GREM1 expression levels, rather than variants affecting the function of the encoded protein, are significant factors in NSCL/P etiology.
25992589 Data suggest that the hereditary mixed polyposis syndrome (HMPS) 40 kb duplication upstream of the gremlin 1 protein (GREM1) gene is present at low rates in Jewish Ashkenazi individuals of a familial predisposition to colorectal cancer (CRC).
25810250 Gremlin/VEGFR2 axis participates in renal inflammation and could be a novel target for kidney disease.
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AA Sequence

MSRTAYTVGALLLLLGTLLPAAEGKKKGSQGAIPPPDKAQHNDSEQTQSPQQPGSRNRGRGQGRGTAMPG      1 - 70
EEVLESSQEALHVTERKYLKRDWCKTQPLKQTIHEEGCNSRTIINRFCYGQCNSFYIPRHIRKEEGSFQS     71 - 140
CSFCKPKKFTTMMVTLNCPELQPPTKKKRVTRVKQCRCISIDLD                              141 - 184
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Text Mined References (92)

PMID Year Title
26968009 2016 Meta-analysis Reveals Genome-Wide Significance at 15q13 for Nonsyndromic Clefting of Both the Lip and the Palate, and Functional Analyses Implicate GREM1 As a Plausible Causative Gene.
26872252 2016 Gremlin-1 C-Terminus Regulates Function of Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor (MIF).
26530461 2016 Clinical significance of Gremlin 1 in cervical cancer and its effects on cancer stem cell maintenance.
26493165 2016 GREM1 and POLE variants in hereditary colorectal cancer syndromes.
26311241 2015 Gremlin1 and chronic pancreatitis: a new clinical target and biomarker?
26155842 2015 Tubular overexpression of Gremlin in transgenic mice aggravates renal damage in diabetic nephropathy.
26141517 2015 Gremlin is a key pro-fibrogenic factor in chronic pancreatitis.
26043427 2015 Association between polymorphisms at the GREM1 locus and the risk of nonsyndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate in the Polish population.
25992589 2015 GREM1 germline mutation screening in Ashkenazi Jewish patients with familial colorectal cancer.
25810250 2015 Gremlin regulates renal inflammation via the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 pathway.
More...