Spinocerebellar ataxia, autosomal recessive, 16
Spinocerebellar ataxia defines a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of cerebellar disorders. Patients show progressive incoordination of gait and often poor coordination of hands, speech and eye movements, due to degeneration of the cerebellum with variable involvement of the brainstem and spinal cord. SCAR16 is characterized by truncal and limb ataxia resulting in gait instability. Additionally, patients may show dysarthria, nystagmus, spasticity of the lower limbs, and mild peripheral sensory neuropathy.
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