Mental retardation, autosomal dominant 23
A disorder characterized by significantly below average general intellectual functioning associated with impairments in adaptive behavior and manifested during the developmental period. MRD23 patients manifest moderate to severe intellectual disability with additional variable features of brachycephaly, a low hairline, depressed nasal bridge, prominent high nasal root, tubular nose, upslanting palpebral fissures, long and smooth philtrum, micrognathia, thin upper lip, and crowded teeth. Behavioral problems, including obsessive-compulsive disorder, hand flapping with ritualized behavior, and autism, are prominent features.
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