Congenital disorder of glycosylation 2G
A multisystem disorder caused by a defect in glycoprotein biosynthesis and characterized by under-glycosylated serum glycoproteins. Congenital disorders of glycosylation result in a wide variety of clinical features, such as defects in the nervous system development, psychomotor retardation, dysmorphic features, hypotonia, coagulation disorders, and immunodeficiency. The broad spectrum of features reflects the critical role of N-glycoproteins during embryonic development, differentiation, and maintenance of cell functions. Clinical features of CDG2G include failure to thrive, generalized hypotonia, growth retardation and mild psychomotor retardation. CDG2G is biochemically characterized by a defect in O-glycosylation as well as N-glycosylation.
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