Form of NAGA deficiency characterized by early-onset neuroaxonal dystrophy and neurological signs (convulsion during fever, epilepsy, psychomotor retardation and hypotonia). NAGA deficiency is typically classified in three main phenotypes: NAGA deficiency type I (Schindler disease or Schindler disease type I) with severe manifestations; NAGA deficiency type II (Kanzazi disease or Schindler disease type II) which is mild; NAGA deficiency type III (Schindler disease type III) characterized by mild-to-moderate neurologic manifestations. NAGA deficiency results in the increased urinary excretion of glycopeptides and oligosaccharides containing alpha-N-acetylgalactosaminyl moieties. Inheritance is autosomal recessive.
|Name||Development Level||Target Family|