Short stature, auditory canal atresia, mandibular hypoplasia, skeletal abnormalities
An autosomal recessive developmental disorder with features of a first and second branchial arch syndrome, and with unique rhizomelic skeletal anomalies. Craniofacial abnormalities can lead to conductive hearing loss, respiratory insufficiency, and feeding difficulties. Skeletal features include bilateral humeral hypoplasia, humeroscapular synostosis, pelvic abnormalities, and proximal defects of the femora. Affected individuals may also have some features of a neurocristopathy or abnormal mesoderm development, such as urogenital anomalies, that are distinct from other branchial arch syndromes.
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