Retinitis pigmentosa 12
A retinal dystrophy belonging to the group of pigmentary retinopathies. Retinitis pigmentosa is characterized by retinal pigment deposits visible on fundus examination and primary loss of rod photoreceptor cells followed by secondary loss of cone photoreceptors. Patients typically have night vision blindness and loss of midperipheral visual field. As their condition progresses, they lose their far peripheral visual field and eventually central vision as well. RP12 is an autosomal recessive, severe form often manifesting in early childhood. Patients experiment progressive visual field loss with severe visual impairment before the age of twenty. Some patients have a preserved paraarteriolar retinal pigment epithelium (PPRPE) and hypermetropia.
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