An X-linked lysosomal storage disease characterized by intracellular accumulation of heparan sulfate and dermatan sulfate and their excretion in urine. Most children with MPS2 have a severe form with early somatic abnormalities including skeletal deformities, hepatosplenomegaly, and progressive cardiopulmonary deterioration. A prominent feature is neurological damage that presents as developmental delay and hyperactivity but progresses to mental retardation and dementia. They die before 15 years of age, usually as a result of obstructive airway disease or cardiac failure. In contrast, those with a mild form of MPS2 may survive into adulthood, with attenuated somatic complications and often without mental retardation.
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