Mondo Description Protanopia is a severe type of color vision deficiency caused by the complete absence of red retinal photoreceptors. Protans have difficulties distinguishing between blue and green colors and also between red and green colors. It is a form of dichromatism in which the subject can only perceive light wavelengths from 400 to 650 nm, instead of the usual 700 nm. Pure reds cannot be seen, instead appearing black; purple colors cannot be distinguished from blues; more orange-tinted reds may appear as very dim yellows, and all orange-yellow-green shades of too long a wavelength to stimulate the blue receptors appear as a similar yellow hue. It is hereditary, sex-linked, and present in 1% of males.
Uniprot Description A color vision defect characterized by a dichromasy in which red and green are confused, with loss of luminance and shift of brightness and hue curves toward the short wave end of the spectrum. Dichromasy is due to the use of only two types of photoreceptors, blue plus red in deuteranopia and blue plus green in protanopia.
Mondo Term and Equivalent IDs
MONDO:0010565: red color blindness