Mondo Description Multiple epiphyseal dysplasia type 5 is a multiple epiphyseal dysplasia characterized by an early-onset of pain and stiffness (involving knee and hip), progressive deformity of the extremities and precocious osteoarthritis associated with delayed and irregular ossification of epiphyses. Features specific to multiple epiphyseal dysplasia, type 5 include normal stature and lesser incidence of gait abnormalities. Radiographs reveal epiphyseal and metaphyseal irregularities. Multiple epiphyseal dysplasia type 5 follows an autosomal dominant mode of transmission.
Uniprot Description A generalized skeletal dysplasia associated with significant morbidity. Joint pain, joint deformity, waddling gait, and short stature are the main clinical signs and symptoms. Radiological examination of the skeleton shows delayed, irregular mineralization of the epiphyseal ossification centers and of the centers of the carpal and tarsal bones. Multiple epiphyseal dysplasia is broadly categorized into the more severe Fairbank and the milder Ribbing types. The Fairbank type is characterized by shortness of stature, short and stubby fingers, small epiphyses in several joints, including the knee, ankle, hand, and hip. The Ribbing type is confined predominantly to the hip joints and is characterized by hands that are normal and stature that is normal or near-normal. Multiple epiphyseal dysplasia type 5 is relatively mild and clinically variable. It is primarily characterized by delayed and irregular ossification of the epiphyses and early-onset osteoarthritis.
Disease Ontology Description A multiple epiphyseal dysplasia that has_material_basis_in heterozygous mutation in the MATN3 gene on chromosome 2p24.
Mondo Term and Equivalent IDs
MONDO:0011765: multiple epiphyseal dysplasia type 5