Mondo Description Multiple epiphyseal dysplasia type 1 (MED 1) is a form of multiple epiphyseal dysplasia that is characterized by normal or mild short stature, pain in the hips and/or knees, progressive deformity of extremities and early-onset osteoarthrosis. Specific features to MED 1 include a more pronounced involvement of hip joints and gait abnormality and a shorter adult height. MED1 is allelic to pseudoachondroplasia with which it shares clinical and radiological features. The disease follows an autosomal dominant mode of transmission.
Uniprot Description A generalized skeletal dysplasia associated with significant morbidity. Joint pain, joint deformity, waddling gait, and short stature are the main clinical signs and symptoms. Radiological examination of the skeleton shows delayed, irregular mineralization of the epiphyseal ossification centers and of the centers of the carpal and tarsal bones. Multiple epiphyseal dysplasia is broadly categorized into the more severe Fairbank and the milder Ribbing types. The Fairbank type is characterized by shortness of stature, short and stubby fingers, small epiphyses in several joints, including the knee, ankle, hand, and hip. The Ribbing type is confined predominantly to the hip joints and is characterized by hands that are normal and stature that is normal or near-normal.
Disease Ontology Description A multiple epiphyseal dysplasia that has_material_basis_in heterozygous mutation in the COMP gene on chromosome 19p13.
Mondo Term and Equivalent IDs
MONDO:0007561: multiple epiphyseal dysplasia type 1