Mondo Description Classic congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency (classic 21-OHD CAH) is the most common form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH), characterized by simple virilizing or salt wasting forms that can manifest with genital ambiguity in females and with adrenal insufficiency (in both sexes), and that presents with dehydration, hypoglycemia in the neonatal period (that can be lethal if untreated), and hyperandrogenia.
Uniprot Description A form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia, a common recessive disease due to defective synthesis of cortisol. Congenital adrenal hyperplasia is characterized by androgen excess leading to ambiguous genitalia in affected females, rapid somatic growth during childhood in both sexes with premature closure of the epiphyses and short adult stature. Four clinical types: 'salt wasting' (SW, the most severe type), 'simple virilizing' (SV, less severely affected patients), with normal aldosterone biosynthesis, 'non-classic form' or late-onset (NC or LOAH) and 'cryptic' (asymptomatic).
Mondo Term and Equivalent IDs
MONDO:0008728: classic congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency