Mondo Description Gitelman syndrome (GS), also referred to as familial hypokalemia-hypomagnesemia, is characterized by hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis in combination with significant hypomagnesemia and low urinary calcium excretion.
Uniprot Description An autosomal recessive disorder characterized by hypokalemic alkalosis in combination with hypomagnesemia, low urinary calcium, and increased renin activity associated with normal blood pressure. Patients are often asymptomatic or present transient periods of muscular weakness and tetany, usually accompanied by abdominal pain, vomiting and fever. The phenotype is highly heterogeneous in terms of age at onset and severity. Cardinal features such as hypocalciuria and hypomagnesemia might also change during the life cycle of a given patient. It has overlapping features with Bartter syndrome.
Disease Ontology Description A renal tubular transport disease that is has_material_basis_in mutations in genes that produce proteins involved in the kidneys' reabsorption of salt (sodium chloride or NaCl) from urine back into the bloodstream, thus impairing the kidneys' ability to reabsorb salt, leading to the loss of excess salt in the urine (salt wasting).
Mondo Term and Equivalent IDs
MONDO:0009904: Gitelman syndrome