Mondo Description ANE syndrome is a rare, genetic, neuro-endocrino-cutaneous disorder characterized by highly variable degrees of alopecia, moderate to severe intellectual disability, progressive, late-onset motor deterioration and combined anterior pituitary hormone deficiency, manifesting with central hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, delayed or absent puberty, growth hormone deficiency (resulting in short stature), progressive central adrenal insufficiency and a hypoplastic anterior pituitary gland. Additional features include hypodontia, flexural reticulate hyperpigmentation, gynecomastia, microcephaly and kyphoscoliosis.
Uniprot Description Affected individuals have hair loss of variable severity, ranging from complete alopecia to near-normal scalp hair with absence of body hair. All have moderate to severe mental retardation, progressive motor deterioration and central hypogonadotropic hypogonadism with delayed or absent puberty and central adrenal insufficiency. Additional features included short stature, microcephaly, gynecomastia, pigmentary anomalies, hypodontia, kyphoscoliosis, ulnar deviation of the hands, and loss of subcutaneous fat.
Mondo Term and Equivalent IDs
MONDO:0012794: ANE syndrome